Developing a Reporting and Tracking Tool for Nursing Student Errors and Near Misses


Little is known about the extent and types of errors and near misses (ENMs) made by nursing students. In nursing schools, the norm has been a culture of blame in which a student, a faculty member, or both are held accountable for ENMs regardless of the source. However, evidence suggests that a failure to track and trend ENMs and learn from them actually increases the likelihood of more ENMs. To help student nurses become competent nurses, educators need systems and structures that allow trending and analysis of ENMs. Key first steps include creating a mechanism for schools to use in reporting nursingstudent ENMs and creating a transparent and blame-free culture. In addition, it will be critical to establish a national database to reflect the occurrence and types of ENMs. The database will provide a baseline of information that will guide faculty members in designing interventions to reduce ENMs. This article describes the issues and challenges encountered in creating an occurrence reporting tool, testing the tool, and establishing a national database for tracking and trending ENMs encountered by nursing students. In addition, this article presents an adaptation of the tested occurrence reporting tool that schools can use while a national database is established.

Joanne Disch, PhD, RN, and Jane Barnsteiner, PhD, RN
Disch, J., & Barnsteiner, J. (2014). Developing a reporting and tracking tool for nursing student errors and near misses. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 5(1), 4-10.
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Education, Medication Errors, Research
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