Nursing Regulatory Bodies (NRBs) are jurisdictional governmental agencies in the 50 states, the District of Columbia and four US territories that are responsible for the regulation of nursing practice.
More than 100 years ago, state and territorial governments established NRBs to protect the public's health and welfare by overseeing and ensuring the safe practice of nursing. NRBs achieve this mission by outlining the standards for safe nursing care and issuing licenses to practice nursing. Once a license is issued, the NRB's job continues by monitoring licensees' compliance to jurisdictional laws and taking action against the licenses of those nurses who have exhibited unsafe nursing practice.
All 59 NRBs in the U.S. are members of NCSBN.
The Nurse Practice Act
Each jurisdiction has a law called the Nurse Practice Act, which is enforced by each NRB. Nurses must comply with the law and related rules in order to maintain their licenses. The law describes:
Qualifications for licensure
Nursing titles that are allowed to be used
Scope of practice (what the nurse is allowed to do)
Actions that can or will happen if the nurse does not follow the nursing law